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What You Need to Know About Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects millions of people worldwide. One in 10 adults worldwide has the condition, raising concern about this number one cause of kidney failure, lower-limb amputation, and adult blindness.

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Diabetes is a complex disease that requires careful management and understanding to maintain optimal health and minimize its symptoms. In this Pacific Prime article, we will explore two different types of diabetes along with their causes, symptoms, risk factors, and how you can take care of it.

By providing valuable information and practical insights, we aim to empower individuals living with diabetes and their loved ones so that they can take the best care of themselves during this pivotal time.

Types and Causes

There are two types of diabetes: type 1 and 2. Each type distinctively affects the body.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes, also known as insulin-dependent diabetes, is a lifelong condition caused by an autoimmune reaction in which the body attacks itself defectively and stops itself from producing insulin, an essential hormone that helps the body turn food into energy and maintain blood sugar levels.

The cause of the disease is currently still unknown, so even with today’s advancement in technology, there is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong condition that heightens the level of sugar in the blood. The body is unable to utilize insulin in maximum efficiency and maintain blood sugar at normal levels.

This type of diabetes accounts for over 95% of diabetic patients. Factors that contribute to developing the disease are:

  • Overweight: The accumulation of excess body fat occupies the space where sugar is supposed to be stored, leaving sugar circulating in the bloodstream.
  • Inactivity: A sedentary lifestyle may lead to insulin resistance, sugar in the blood is then unable to be broken down.
  • Genetics: The risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases with the number of affected family members. The increased risk is likely due in part to shared genetic factors.


Symptoms of diabetes, particularly type 1, can be acute and can occur without prior indication. In some cases, the symptoms can be mild and latent, taking years to be noticed.

Symptoms can include:

  • Unusual thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurred vision (or a permanent loss of vision)
  • Constant weakness and exhaustion

Over time, diabetes can damage blood vessels in the heart, eyes, kidneys, and nerves, which makes the patients exceptionally vulnerable to health problems such as heart attack, stroke, and kidney failure.

Diabetes Management

Diabetes is a lifelong condition that requires a comprehensive approach to managing blood sugar levels, preventing complications, and improving the overall quality of health and life.

Managing Blood Sugar Levels

This is the primary treatment for diabetes. Interventions range from lifestyle modifications like adopting a meal plan that requires the consumption of nutrient-rich foods while controlling portion sizes to monitor carbohydrate intake.

Practitioners often advise that physical activity also plays a crucial role in lowering blood sugar levels, improving insulin sensitivity, and supporting weight management.

Additionally, medication such as oral antidiabetic drugs or insulin injections can be prescribed to help control blood sugar levels.

Preventing Complications

The treatment for diabetes also involves addressing potential complications and associated risk factors, which involve managing blood pressure and cholesterol levels, as one common complication of diabetes is cardiovascular disease.

Regular screening and management of other complications, such as diabetic retinopathy (loss of vision), neuropathy (damaged nerves), and nephropathy (kidney malfunction), are essential. Early detection of complications onsets can prevent consequent damage to the body.

Diabetes education and support programs are imperative in empowering individuals with the knowledge and skills to manage their condition effectively. In particular, lifestyle adjustments, such as reducing sodium intake, limiting saturated fats, and quitting smoking, need to be made.

Stay Healthy With Pacific Prime

Managing diabetes is a lifelong mission. It requires constant medication to control blood sugar levels, self-discipline in meal selection, and physical activities to minimize the occurrence of complications.

Needless to say, it would be expensive to treat. It is advised to secure health insurance as soon as possible for regular body checks and screenings or secure a health insurance plan that provides coverage for pre-existing conditions if you didn’t have one secured before the diagnosis.

Pacific Prime is a global insurance broker with 20+ years of experience. We have been giving impartial advice on insurance matters and comparing premiums of insurance plans from renowned insurance providers across the globe to help our clients secure health insurance for their needs and budgets.

Contact our expert advisors today for more information and an obligation-free quote! From that, we can take our discussions a step further and tailor a health insurance plan to put your health at top priority.

Content Creator at Pacific Prime
Eric is an experienced content writer specializing in writing creative copies of marketing materials including social media posts, advertisements, landing pages, and video scripts.

Since joining Pacific Prime, Eric was exposed to a new world of insurance. Having learned about insurance products extensively, he has taken joy and satisfaction in helping individuals and businesses manage risks and protect themselves against financial loss through the power of words.

Although born and raised in Hong Kong, he spent a quarter of his life living and studying in the UK. He believes his multicultural experience is a great asset in understanding the needs and wants of expats and globe-trotters.

Eric’s strengths lie in his strong research, analytical, and communication skills, obtained through his BA in Linguistics from the University of York and MSc in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) from the University of Bristol.

Outside of work, he enjoys some me-time gaming and reading on his own, occasionally going absolutely mental on a night out with friends.
Eric Chung